Introduction to Kratom
For years, the Kratom tree has been used as both a medicinal herb and a recreational drug. It is native to SouthEast Asia, which includes Malaysia, Indonesia, Boneo, Thailand, and some of the surrounding areas. It is closely related to the coffee tree, Rubiaceae, as they belong to the same family.
Kratom has phytochemical attributes like triterpenoids, flavonoids, and corrinoids compounds. However, its active ingredients are Mitragynine and Hydroxymitragynine that are responsible for various pharmaceutical benefits.
Most people use Kratom for depression, anxiety, and cough. It also has pain-relieving properties and can also be used to treat opioid withdrawal. With the right dosage, Kratom can be beneficial, but when abused, it may have adverse effects.
In this guide, we are going to discuss its uses, dosage, effects, and other relevant information. It is important to note that some of the information in this guide is not medically founded and is meant for educational purposes only.
Before diving into dosage, we must discuss its legality to ensure that you take it responsibly and have peace of mind in knowing that you are not doing anything illegal.
Kratom is legal in most countries in the world but illegal in some. In the US, it is not regulated on a national level but regarded as a controlled substance in some states.
According to Kraken Kratom, Kratom is illegal in the following states:
- Rhode Island
Kratom is legal in the following states. Some have age restrictions and, in others, have cities in which it is illegal.
- New Hampshire – you have to be 18 and over to use Kratom
- Illinois – illegal for people under 18 years
- California – legal but banned in the city of San Diego
- Florida – banned in Sarasota County but legal in the rest
- Mississippi – Banned in Union County but legal in the rest
- Colorado – Banned for ‘human consumption in Denver,’ but legal in the rest of the state
- Tennessee – legal for people over the age of 21
In all the other states, it is legal to purchase, consume, and sell.
In the Asian continent, Kratom is illegal in the following countries
- South Korea
In China, it is only legal in Hong Kong.
In Thailand, it is illegal for recreational use, but recent reforms in its narcotics acts have seen the legalization of both marijuana and Kratom for medical use.
Not much information is available on the legality of Kratom in African countries. It is not widely known there; hence its legal status in most countries is unclear.
Well ummm…not much to say here, haha.
Kratom is illegal in the following countries
Its legal status in Italy, the United Kingdom, and Ireland is unclear.
In the US, it is as stated above. However, in Canada, it is illegal for human consumption
Countries in southern America have no legal restrictions against Kratom. However, it is quite challenging to come by, except if you’re in Brazil.
Like any other substance with physical or psychoactive effects, it is essential to know the right dosage of Kratom to take. The effects of Kratom vary with the amount you take and a few other factors including
- Body mass
- Tolerance level
- Method of intake
How to Dose Kratom
When taking Kratom, it is always best to start with a small dose, say2-3g. If you don't feel anything after two minutes, increase the dosage slightly till you start feeling the effects. Taking too much Kratom at a go may leave you with a 'heady' feeling or even give you nausea.
Here are a few guidelines that you can follow to achieve your best dosage.
Step 1: take two to three grams on an empty stomach. The effects should be felt after twenty minutes or so.
Step2: After 30-45 minutes, if you already feel great, there's no need to add more. But if you've not yet reached your 'sweet spot,' take another 1-2 grams.
Step 3: After another 15-30 minutes, you should be feeling something.
Step 4: If you still feel like you're not there yet, add another 0.5-2.0 grams
Step 5: by now, you probably feel great. Let the feeling ride for 4 to 5 hours.
Step 6: After four to five hours have passed, you might want to take more. Repeat this process and remember to use the same strain you used before.
As a beginner, 3-5 grams will be enough to see you right. If you weigh much, say 68kg (15lbs, a lower dose of 1.5 grams might be enough for you.
There are different strains of Kratom that have varying levels of concentration. Also, its form i.e., regular, enhanced, or extract, affects its effect in different doses. When using Kratom. Finding the right dose requires a bit of experimentation until you find the proper dosage for your body.
If you are a beginner, you should start with small doses, and then work your way up as you assess your body's reaction to it. Understanding how your body reacts to different doses will enable you to determine the dosage that suits you best.
Like coffee and alcohol, regular use of Kratom causes your body to develop tolerance to it. Kratom tolerance is the effect of your body needing more Kratom per dose to experience the same impact as when you first started using it.
Tolerance increases, the more you continue using Kratom regularly. With time, you find yourself using more money on kratom purchase and fall at a higher risk of substance abuse.
There are a few methods that you can use to ensure that you regulate your tolerance levels.
I. Switching up kratom Strains
Kratom comes in different strains. According to Best Kratom, there are three types of Kratom: white vein, green vein, and red vein. Each strain has a unique effect on the body. Switching up the strains ensures that you don’t get used to the effects of a particular strain.
II. Plan a Schedule
Another way to ensure that you don't develop tolerance to Kratom is to avoid using it whenever you feel like it. You can achieve this by making a schedule.
Deciding on a specific time of day to use Kratom helps you spread out the doses more effectively. This then ensures that the alkaloids in the plan don't reach a stable concentration in the brain, which would lead to increased tolerance.
III. Use a kratom Potentiator.
If you want to make your kratom dose stronger but don't want the increased tolerance that comes with it, there's a pretty simple way to do it, using magnesium.
Magnesium is a powerful potentiator and comes with an added benefit in that it can lower your tolerance levels. It has high levels of NMDA receptor antagonists, which help increase your reactiveness to Kratom and keep your tolerance levels at the same threshold.
How is Kratom Taken?
In its native region, users remove the leaves midrib and chew them fresh. Its dry leaves may also be chewed, but since they are quite hard and might bruise, the people prefer crushing them into powder. The Kratom powder can be mixed with water or other drinks such as fruit juice, milk, and kefir as they serve to mask its flavor.
According to The Recovery Village, many people prefer taking it with orange juice because it not only masks its taste but also activates its properties, thus making it work much faster.
Ever heard of the toss and wash method? This is a way of taking powdered substances in which users take a spoonful of the powder, put it in their mouths, and then wash it down with water.
For people who don't like the taste that comes with drinking it, they take it in capsule form. The leaves are crushed into a powder then put in capsules. This method, however, is not as effective as drinking or swallowing it. This is because capsules only deliver a small quantity of the substance; hence one would have to take several capsules to achieve the same level of effects as swallowing or drinking it.
Modern technology has brought some perks with it. Nowadays, Kratom can be turned into extracts, resins, and tinctures. These versions of Kratom are more potent and tend to be more effective. The extracts can be taken directly orally or mixed into drinks.
Apart from chewing the leaves or mixing the powder into drinks, Kratom can also be taken as a tea. This method is trendy in South East Asia and the United States. As opposed to other methods, Taking Kratom as tea tends to be more stimulating.
It is believed that taking Kratom as tea has euphoric and mood-boosting effects, especially when taken on an empty stomach.
Different Recipes for Preparing Kratom
1. Kratom Tea
The following recipe is meant for preparing around eight doses of Kratom when using premium quality kratom powder.
- Add two ounces of kratom powder into a pot and add one liter of water.
- Gently heat for fifteen minutes
- Empty the tea into a bowl. When doing this, it is preferable to use a filter so you can squeeze the leaves to obtain most of the liquid
- Return the powder into the pot, add another liter of water and repeat steps I and II. After doing that one more time, you can now discard the powder since it is no longer potent
- Place the two liters of water obtained from the two boiling’s into a pot and boil till the water is reduced to 25 milliliters
When boiling, you should be careful since once it starts to form a syrup, it may splash and burn you. The tea has a sour taste. To mask it, you may mix it into your favorite beverage like fruit juice.
Kratom tea can be preserved up to five days in a refrigerator. It might be safe to drink even after five days, but to err on the safe side, don't! If you want to preserve it longer, you may add some alcohol in the tea. Alcohol acts as a preservative and may keep it fresh up to one month.
When in the refrigerator, precipitation may occur, thus forming sediments at the bottom of the container. These sediments may contain alkaloids; hence before taking it, you can re-dissolve them by heating it while stirring.
To understand how to make Kratom tea better, watch this video. It has a step by step detailed recipe on how to make the best Kratom tea for medical purposes. It is however not suitable for underage viewers since Kratom is a Drug.
2. Kratom Milkshake Recipe
Each dosage of Kratom requires at least one cup of chocolate-flavored milk. If you are lactose intolerant, you can also use chocolate flavor almond milk.
- Put one bottle of powdered Kratom in an empty glass
- Add chocolate-flavored milk
- Stir till it forms a uniform paste
- Add more chocolate milk and stir till it forms a smooth mixture with no lumps
- Drink or pour out the mixture
- Add more chocolate milk into the glass and mix with the kratom powder that had remained stuck at the bottom of the glass.
3. Kratom Paste for Drinking
- Put one dose of kratom powder in an empty glass
- Add an adequate amount of water in the glass and stir till it forms a smooth uniform paste
To take it, fill a different glass with water. Take a spoon and scoop the paste and eat it. After each bite, drink some water to enable you to swallow the kratom paste with ease. It is essential to avoid taking too much paste at a time, so you don't choke on it.
4. Kratom Slurry
- Fill up a glass with about eight ounces of water or a beverage and add one tablespoon of powdered Kratom
- Stir until all the powder is evenly spread in the water
- Drink it fast before the powder settles at the bottom of the glass
- After you’re done, add more water/beverage into the glass, stir then drink it
After drinking it, you can take some fruit juice to wash down the sour taste of Kratom from your mouth.
Important Tips when Using Kratom
1. Stay Hydrated
Like coffee, Kratom dehydrates a user significantly. Also, taking a too high dose might give you a 'heady' feeling. To avoid the 'heady' feeling, you will need to take a bit more water than usual especially if you are constantly moving around.
2. Take Kratom on an Empty Stomach
If you take Kratom on a full stomach, you will require a higher dose. Therefore, to avoid building tolerance, it is advisable to take it on an empty stomach.
3. Each Strain Requires a Different Dose
The different strains of Kratom hit differently. Some are stronger than others. When trying out a new strain, follow the procedure we have given above to know the right dosage for that particular strain.
4. Keep a Log
Taking notes of the time and amount of Kratom you take goes a long way in ensuring that you not only get the most out of using Kratom but also helps avoid building tolerance.
5. Use High-Quality Kratom
To get the best results, you must take Kratom of high quality. Many users complain of not getting the desired effects on a recommended dose only to find out that they used cheap low-quality Kratom that has low potency.
Effects of Kratom
In most cases, a low dose of Kratom offers a stimulating effect. On the other hand, a high dose gives a sedating effect. The effect that predominates depends on both the dosage you take and other factors like body mass, mode of intake, and tolerance level.
Most people claim that the effects of Kratom are almost similar to those of opiate drugs. The significant difference being that Kratom has addictive properties. In fact, some people use Kratom to beat their addiction to opiates.
Let's see some of the effects of Kratom on different levels.
Effects of Kratom in the Stimulating Level
The stimulating effect of Kratom increases your mind's alertness, physical oomph, and at times, your sexual energy. It creates a high motivation for doing things and increases your capability to perform difficult or repetitive tasks.
Kratom also elevates your mood. Most people claim that it makes them more talkative, friendly, and sociable. At this level, its effects are similar to those of caffeine or amphetamine drugs. For this reason, Kratom is categorized as being a mental stimulant rather than a psychoactive stimulant.
Effects of Kratom in the Sedative-Analgesic-Euphoric Level
With a high dose of Kratom, you will experience less sensitivity to physical and emotional pain. It leaves you relaxed, and you may appear calm. You also experience an overall feeling of pleasure and can find yourself day-dreaming.
Some people may experience itching and sweating, but it is rare. Also, it causes your pupils to become smaller, and you might even find yourself feeling nausea. When this happens, lying down can help the feeling subside faster.
Many people claim that at this level, they enjoy music more and find it better to relax in a dark room. At times, a high dose of Kratom may leave you in a 'walking-dreaming' state where you are in the real world, but your brain is in dreamland.
i. Low Dose
- Increased alertness and energy
- Increase in sex drive
- Decrease in appetite
- Increased sociability
- Coordination problems
ii. High Dose
- Pain relief
- Nausea constipation
- Itching sweating
Effects of Kratom in Different Doses
The effects of Kratom depend on the potency of the plant. The chart below shows its common effects in the different varieties it comes with at different doses.
1. Premium quality
Threshold: 2-4 grams
Mild: 3-5 grams
Moderate: 4-10 grams
Strong: 8-15 grams
Very strong: 12-25 grams
Threshold: 1-3 grams
Mild: 2-4 grams
Moderate: 3-7 grams
Strong: 6-10 grams
Very strong: 8-16 grams
3. Kratom Extract
Threshold: 1 gram
Mild: 1-2 grams
Moderate: 2-4 grams
Strong: 3-6 grams
Very strong: 5-8 grams
In the threshold dose, the effects are felt, though hard to notice.
For the moderate dosage, the effects can be euphoric-sedative-analgesic or stimulating.
For a strong dosage, its effects are euphoric-sedative-analgesic. For sensitive people, these effects are very strong.
For a very strong dose, you experience euphoric-analgesic-sedative effects, which are very strong to most people.
Although not much research has been done on the subject, Kratom is considered addictive. According to the Columbus Recovery center, researchers have found that Kratom has a high chance of abuse potential. With regular and prolonged use, people may become addicted.
Although its addictiveness is not well understood, addicts may show the following symptoms:
- Decreased performance at work or school
- Avoidance of friends or family
- Frequent use of Kratom
- Being defensive or secretive about kratom use
- Increased desire to obtain more, often at the expense of other obligations
- Not feeling normal without Kratom
Although an overdose of Kratom may not lead to death, it may result in toxic effects on the body. When taken with other substances such as benzodiazepines or opioids, the likelihood of the overdose to be life-threatening increases.
Symptoms of kratom overdose
- Liver problems
- Increased heart rate
- High blood pressure
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: How long should I wait between kratom doses?
Answer: to experience potent effects safely, you should wait about four to five hours in between doses. The minimum time you can take another dose after your initial dose is between 1 ½ to 2 ½ hours.
Question: Can I take Kratom daily?
Answer: Kratom reacts to opioid receptors. However, it only binds itself temporarily; hence it does not lead to long term dependency. However, daily intake can cause your tolerance level to rise, which will result in you needing higher doses to experience the same effect. It is advisable to start with smaller doses then work your way up.
Question: Which is the best Kratom to use for anxiety and pain?
Answer: The Bali Red Vein kratom is best for anxiety and pain. It is very potent, with effects lasting about 3-7 hours. It has a strong sedative effect; hence the best time to take it is before going to bed.
Question: How does Kratom affect my brain?
Answer: The active compounds in kratom leaves are hydroxy-mitragynine and mitragynine. They interact with the opioid receptors in your brain to produce euphoria, sedation, and pain relief. They also react with other receptors in your brain to produce stimulating effects.
Question: Can Kratom cause memory loss?
Answer: Even when taken in large doses, Kratom does not impair the memory, motor, and concentration of regular users.
Kratom has been used for a long time, and in recent times, it has grown tremendously in popularity. If you are a beginner, the information in this article is enough to get you started. We have discussed its legality in all continents; hence you can use it, depending on your location, without fear that you are breaking the law.
We have also given you a few tips on kratom dosing and a few tips on how to take it. When using Kratom, remember to use it responsibly and always start with a small dose whenever you change strains. Also, use the tips we have given in the article to avoid raising your tolerance levels.
Remember, you don't have to experiment with every recipe or dosage that we have given in the article, pick the one that suits you best, and enjoy your experience.